Paul M. Eckles represents a wide variety of clients across numerous industries in antitrust, unfair business practices, consumer fraud and other complex litigation matters at both the trial and appellate court levels. Mr. Eckles also represents clients in connection with government investigations and provides general antitrust counseling. Mr. Eckles has extensive experience in defending class actions. Among his recent representations, Mr. Eckles successfully defeated class certification in class actions against the National Hockey League relating to the league’s exclusive broadcast territories; and a class action against CEMEX relating to alleged price fixing of cement and concrete. He has extensive experience in the financial services industry. In addition to his current matters, he defended Morgan Stanley in class actions and related investigations alleging bid-rigging relating to municipal derivatives. He also represented Merrill Lynch in a series of class actions related to purported naked short selling and in a class action relating to auction rate securities. Other successful representations include defending HarperCollins Publishers in antitrust class actions and government investigations relating to e-books; DeBeers in antitrust actions alleging monopolization and other anticompetitive conduct; Arclin in a Robinson-Patman case alleging price discrimination; Activision Publishing, Inc. in an antitrust action challenging the purported tying of products; NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital in an antitrust class action brought by resident physicians; International Paper Company in an antitrust class action alleging price-fixing; and officers and directors of Stan Lee Media, Inc. in a securities class action and related commercial litigation.