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Renewable Energy

Published: September 2019


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  • 1.

    Government electricity participants
    Who are the principal government participants in the electricity sector? What roles do they perform in relation to renewable energy?

  • 2.

    Private electricity participants
    Who are the principal private participants in the electricity sector? What roles do they serve in relation to renewable energy?

  • 3.

    Definition of ‘renewable energy’
    Is there any legal definition of what constitutes ‘renewable energy’ or ‘clean power’ (or their equivalents) in your jurisdiction?

  • 4.

    What is the legal and regulatory framework applicable to developing, financing, operating and selling power and ‘environmental attributes’ from renewable energy projects?

  • 5.

    Stripping attributes
    Can environmental attributes be stripped and sold separately?

  • 6.

    Government incentives
    Does the government offer incentives to promote the development of renewable energy projects? In addition, has the government established policies that also promote renewable energy?

  • 7.

    Establishing policies and incentives
    Are renewable energy policies and incentives generally established at the national level, or are they established by states or other political subdivisions?

  • 8.

    Purchasing mechanisms
    What mechanisms are available to facilitate the purchase of renewable power by private companies?

  • 9.

    Legislative proposals
    Describe any notable pending or anticipated legislative proposals regarding renewable energy in your jurisdiction.

  • 10.

    Drivers of change
    What are the biggest drivers of change in the renewable energy markets in your jurisdiction?

  • 11.

    Disputes framework
    Describe the legal framework applicable to disputes between renewable power market participants, related to pricing or otherwise.

  • 12.

    Project types and sizes
    Describe the primary types and sizes of existing and planned utility-scale renewable energy projects in your jurisdiction.

  • 13.

    Development issues
    What types of issues restrain the development of utility-scale renewable energy projects?

  • 14.

    Primary types of project
    Describe the primary types of hydropower projects that are prevalent.

  • 15.

    Legal considerations
    What legal considerations are relevant for hydroelectric generation in your jurisdiction?

  • 16.

    Describe the prevalence of on-site, distributed generation projects.

  • 17.

    Describe the primary types of distributed generation projects that are common in your jurisdiction.

  • 18.

    Have any legislative or regulatory efforts been undertaken to promote the development of microgrids? What are the most significant legal obstacles to the development of microgrids?

  • 19.

    Other considerations
    What additional legal considerations are relevant for distributed generation?

  • 20.

    What storage technologies are used and what legal framework is generally applicable to them?

  • 21.

    Are there any significant hurdles to the development of energy storage projects?

  • 22.

    Ownership restrictions
    May foreign investors invest in renewable energy projects? Are there restrictions on foreign ownership relevant to renewable energy projects?

  • 23.

    Equipment restrictions
    What restrictions are in place with respect to the import of foreign manufactured equipment?

  • 24.

    General government authorisation
    What government authorisations must investors or owners obtain prior to constructing or directly or indirectly transferring or acquiring a renewable energy project?

  • 25.

    Offtake arrangements
    What type of offtake arrangements are available and typically used for utility-scale renewables projects?

  • 26.

    Procurement of offtaker agreements
    How are long-term power purchase agreements procured by the offtakers in your jurisdiction? Are they the subject of feed-in tariffs, the subject of multi-project competitive tenders, or are they typically developed through the submission of unsolicited tenders?

  • 27.

    Operational authorisation
    What government authorisations are required to operate a renewable energy project and sell electricity from renewable energy projects?

  • 28.

    Are there legal requirements for the decommissioning of renewable energy projects? Must these requirements be funded by a sinking fund or through other credit enhancements during the operational phase of a renewable energy project?

  • 29.

    Construction financing
    What are the primary structures for financing the construction of renewable energy projects in your jurisdiction?

  • 30.

    Operational financing
    What are the primary structures for financing operating renewable energy projects in your jurisdiction?

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