There are several prior interventions regarding goods to be imported to Argentina. They are listed in the Mercosur nomenclature according to its tariff classification.
The Ministry of Health and Social Action is the national health authority that verifies the health and hygiene conditions for bromatology and the commercial identification of products that enter or leave the country. It performs said control through the National Administration of Medicines, Food and Medical Technology (ANMAT) and specifically INAL. In addition, SENASA, under the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food of the National Ministry of Economy and Public Works and Services, is the official agency that principally intervenes in regulation and control for all imports of live animals, reproductive material, precursor forms of life, plants, parts thereof, products thereof, by-products and derivatives of animal and vegetable origin and goods and inputs containing, as components or components thereof, ingredients of animal and vegetable origin.
The following prohibitions may be highlighted.
Resolution SENASA No. 122/98 prohibited the import of fresh meat and pig meat products, where the manufacturing process does not guarantee the destruction of the classical swine fever virus, from the following countries affected by this disease: Germany, Bulgaria, Croatia and Italy. Resolution SENASA No. 189/98 approved a list of products not authorised by SENASA to enter the Argentine Republic, including: fresh or frozen meat and pork cuts, glands and viscera (including liver, pancreas and intestine) that have not been subjected to manufacturing processes that guarantee viral inactivation, etc.
Another prohibition was put in place by Resolution SENASA No. 117/02 in relation to SENASA - bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad cow disease), as well as General Resolution AFIP No. 2,146/06 that prohibited the import of live cattle, genetic material (semen, ovules and embryos) and animal products of bovine, ovine and caprine species from Great Britain only.
The import of live specimens and products and by-products, manufactured or not, of the wildlife species listed in Annex II A of Resolution ANA No. 443/96 is prohibited.
Resolution SADS No. 682/15 exempts from this prohibition the raw whole hides of the species Caiman crocodilus and Caiman yacare, for the term of one year, from 5 October 2015, allowing said items to enter on a temporary basis.
For the import of live specimens, products and by-products of the species of wild fauna listed in Annex VI A of Resolution ANA No. 443/96, the relevant certificate of authorisation issued by the Directorate of Fauna and Flora must be presented at the time of the official approval.
SIMI (Comprehensive Import Monitoring System)
Any merchandise intended for final import for consumption must obtain an automatic import licence through SIMI (Comprehensive Import Monitoring System). The interested party must complete certain data in the SIMI in order to obtain the automatic import licence. Licences will be valid for a period of 180 consecutive days as from the date of their granting in the SIMI, which can be renewed for one additional equal term.
In relation to prior interventions
Any wood packaging arriving, or arriving and transiting through the country must be stripped, free of insects and signs of biological activity, treated and certified by the brand that is applicable.
The standards applied are in accordance with the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (NIMF) No. 15/2009 of the International Plant Protection Convention, of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Regulation of Wood Packaging used in International Trade and its modifications adopted for all wood packaging.
Products of animal origin (non-food); active and formulations
The on-site delivery of products, by-products and derivatives, of animal origin (non-food) and active substances and formulations for application in veterinary medicine to the market is subject to the prior authorisation of SENASA, and its intervention is done at the place where the goods enter the customs territory. General Instrument DGA No. 46/01 incorporates a list of positions with the intervention of SENASA in order to reduce the risk of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies from entering the country.
Natural and legal persons involved in the trade and industrialisation of agri-food chains in the following markets shall be registered in the RUCA (Single Register of Agro-food Chain Operators):
- dairy products, and by-products and derivatives;
- grains, cotton and its products, by-products and derivatives;
- livestock and meat, their products and by-products of the bovine, ovine, porcine, poultry, equine and caprine species;
- fresh fruit, dried fruit and processed fruit; and
Resolution DGA No. 125/00 (DE ADBA) authorises the intervention of the Coordinator of Commercial Business Activities as an observer in the verification of goods covered by import destinations processed through the red channel of selectivity.
The definitions of food, food additive, genuine food, altered food, contaminated food, adulterated food and falsified food are those provided by the Argentine Food Code. Imported or exported food must meet its standards. If the merchandise is affected to a prohibition of a non-economic nature and is unfit for consumption, when the import clearance is in provisional import storage or is made or intended to be made subject to an import destination, the customs service shall instruct the person concerned to re-export it within 10 days. If it has not been re-exported after this period, it shall be considered abandoned in favour of the national state and it may be destroyed by the customs service:
Different rules and procedures for the import of food apply, depending on whether they are packaged or unpackaged.
For the purpose of importing food for human consumption, the customs service shall require the intervention prior to the release of the INAL.
The same treatment is required for merchandise destined for the food industry.
In order to import products, by-products and derivatives of animal origin not conditioned for direct sale to the public, the customs service shall require the respective authorisation issued by the SENASA prior to the delivery of the merchandise. This intervention must take place at the reception area where the goods enter the customs territory.
At the time of importing the animal products, the prohibitions, prior interventions, verifications, procedures and registers for the importation of live animals are also applicable to the animal products derived from or related to them.
Other cases of prohibitions are regulated by General Resolution AFIP No. 2,146/06, which prohibits the import of fresh and frozen fishery products and fresh and frozen vegetable products from the Republic of Bolivia.
Import of all kinds of residue, waste or wastage is in principle prohibited, and in exceptional cases when authorised, it requires obligatory verification by the Secretariat of Natural Resources and Human Environment (SRNAH). The following regulations apply: Law No. 24,051, Decree No. 181/92, Decree No. 831/93, Resolution ANA No. 1,742/93, Resolution SADS No. 946/02, etc.
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