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Getting The Deal Through


Published: February 2019


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  • 1.

    Summarise the main statutes and regulations that promote cybersecurity. Does your jurisdiction have dedicated cybersecurity laws?

  • 2.

    Which sectors of the economy are most affected by cybersecurity laws and regulations in your jurisdiction?

  • 3.

    Has your jurisdiction adopted any international standards related to cybersecurity?

  • 4.

    What are the obligations of responsible personnel and directors to keep informed about the adequacy of the organisation’s protection of networks and data, and how may they be held responsible for inadequate cybersecurity?

  • 5.

    How does your jurisdiction define cybersecurity and cybercrime?

  • 6.

    What are the minimum protective measures that organisations must implement to protect data and information technology systems from cyberthreats?

  • 7.

    Does your jurisdiction have any laws or regulations that specifically address cyberthreats to intellectual property?

  • 8.

    Does your jurisdiction have any laws or regulations that specifically address cyberthreats to critical infrastructure or specific sectors?

  • 9.

    Does your jurisdiction have any cybersecurity laws or regulations that specifically restrict sharing of cyberthreat information?

  • 10.

    What are the principal cyberactivities that are criminalised by the law of your jurisdiction?

  • 11.

    How has your jurisdiction addressed information security challenges associated with cloud computing?

  • 12.

    How do your jurisdiction’s cybersecurity laws affect foreign organisations doing business in your jurisdiction? Are the regulatory obligations the same for foreign organisations?

  • 13.

    Do the authorities recommend additional cybersecurity protections beyond what is mandated by law?

  • 14.

    How does the government incentivise organisations to improve their cybersecurity?

  • 15.

    Identify and outline the main industry standards and codes of practice promoting cybersecurity. Where can these be accessed?

  • 16.

    Are there generally recommended best practices and procedures for responding to breaches?

  • 17.

    Describe practices and procedures for voluntary sharing of information about cyberthreats in your jurisdiction. Are there any legal or policy incentives?

  • 18.

    How do the government and private sector cooperate to develop cybersecurity standards and procedures?

  • 19.

    Is insurance for cybersecurity breaches available in your jurisdiction and is such insurance common?

  • 20.

    Which regulatory authorities are primarily responsible for enforcing cybersecurity rules?

  • 21.

    Describe the authorities’ powers to monitor compliance, conduct investigations and prosecute infringements.

  • 22.

    What are the most common enforcement issues and how have regulators and the private sector addressed them?

  • 23.

    What penalties may be imposed for failure to comply with regulations aimed at preventing cybersecurity breaches?

  • 24.

    What penalties may be imposed for failure to comply with the rules on reporting threats and breaches?

  • 25.

    How can parties seek private redress for unauthorised cyberactivity or failure to adequately protect systems and data?

  • 26.

    What policies or procedures must organisations have in place to protect data or information technology systems from cyberthreats?

  • 27.

    Describe any rules requiring organisations to keep records of cyberthreats or attacks.

  • 28.

    Describe any rules requiring organisations to report cybersecurity breaches to regulatory authorities.

  • 29.

    What is the timeline for reporting to the authorities?

  • 30.

    Describe any rules requiring organisations to report threats or breaches to others in the industry, to customers or to the general public.

  • Updates and trends

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Jincheng Tongda & Neal (JT&N) was founded in Beijing in 1992. Today, JT&N has grown to become one of the largest and most respected full-service law firms in the China, with hundreds of highly qualified and talented attorneys in eleven offices, ten of which are located in key urban centers across the country, including the provincial capitals of Chengdu, Hangzhou, Hefei, Jinan, Nanjing, Shenyang, and Xi’an, as well as the major metropolitan commercial centers of Shanghai and Shenzhen, plus an overseas liaison office in Tokyo, Japan, which opened January, 2019.

View more information about Jincheng Tongda & Neal

10th Floor, China World Tower A
No. 1 Jianguo Menwai Avenue
T: +86 10 5706 8585
F: +86 10 8515 0267


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