Since its creation, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has been responsible for the establishment, oversight and implementation of policy for the internet domain name system (DNS), including delegation of responsibilities to DNS registries and registrars. In 1999, the Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) was created within ICANN, with the goal of providing an alternative to costly litigation for resolving disputes concerning cybersquatting in generic top-level domains (gTLDs). In 2004, ICANN created a dispute resolution policy for inter-registrar domain name transfers. In 2011, ICANN adopted the new gTLD programme with a view to expanding the DNS with the introduction of new gTLDs. With the introduction of new gTLDs, ICANN has introduced additional rights protection mechanisms to prevent and remedy cybersquatting. In 2016, ICANN started a review of all of its rights protection mechanisms through an ICANN working group, which aims to complete the first review phase in the first half of 2018.