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  • 1.

    International agreements
    Do any international agreements or regulations on climate matters apply in your country?

  • 2.

    International regulations and national regulatory policies
    How are the regulatory policies of your country affected by international regulations on climate matters?

  • 3.

    Main national regulatory policies
    Outline recent government policy on climate matters.

  • 4.

    Main national legislation
    Identify the main national laws and regulations on climate matters.

  • 5.

    National regulatory authorities
    Identify the national regulatory authorities responsible for climate regulation and its implementation and administration. Outline their areas of competence.

  • 6.

    National emissions and limits
    What are the main sources of emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) (or other regulated emissions) in your country and the quantities of emissions from those sources? Describe any limitation or reduction obligations. Do they apply to private parties in your country?

  • 7.

    National GHG emission projects
    Describe any major GHG emission reduction projects implemented or to be implemented in your country. Describe any similar projects in other countries involving the participation of government authorities or private parties from your country.

  • 8.

    Domestic climate sector
    Describe the main commercial aspects of the climate sector in your country, including any related government policies.

  • 9.

    Regulation of emissions
    Do any obligations for GHG emission limitation, reduction or removal apply to your country and private parties in your country? If so, describe the main obligations.

  • 10.

    GHG emission permits or approvals
    Are there any requirements for obtaining GHG emission permits or approvals? If so, describe the main requirements.

  • 11.

    Oversight of GHG emissions
    How are GHG emissions monitored, reported and verified?

  • 12.

    GHG emission allowances (or similar emission instruments Regime
    Is there a GHG emission allowance regime (or similar regime) in your country? How does it operate?

  • 13.

    Registration
    Are there any GHG emission allowance registries in your country? How are they administered?

  • 14.

    Obtaining, possessing and using GHG emission allowances
    What are the requirements for obtaining GHG emission allowances? How are allowances held, cancelled, surrendered and transferred? Can rights in favour of third parties (eg, a pledge) be created on allowances?

  • 15.

    Emission allowances trading
    What GHG emission trading systems or schemes are applied in your country?

  • 16.

    Trading agreements
    Are any standard agreements on GHG emissions trading used in your country? If so, describe their main features and provisions.

  • 17.

    Energy sector
    Give details of (non-renewable) energy production and consumption in your country. Describe any regulations on GHG emissions. Describe any obligations on the state and private persons for minimising energy consumption and improving energy efficiency. Describe the main features of any scheme for registration of energy savings and for trade of related accounting units or credits.

  • 18.

    Other sectors
    Describe, in general terms, any regulation on GHG emissions in connection with other sectors.

  • 19.

    Renewable energy consumption, policy and general regulation
    Give details of the production and consumption of renewable energy in your country. What is the policy on renewable energy? Describe any obligations on the state and private parties for renewable energy production or use. Describe the main provisions of any scheme for registration of renewable energy production and use and for trade of related accounting units or credits.

  • 20.

    Wind energy
    Describe, in general terms, any regulation of wind energy.

  • 21.

    Solar energy
    Describe, in general terms, any regulation of solar energy.

  • 22.

    Hydropower, geothermal, wave and tidal energy
    Describe, in general terms, any regulation of hydropower, geothermal, wave or tidal energy.

  • 23.

    Waste-to-energy
    Describe, in general terms, any regulation of production of energy based on waste.

  • 24.

    Biofuels and biomass
    Describe, in general terms, any regulation of biofuel for transport uses and any regulation of biomass for generation of heat and power.

  • 25.

    Carbon capture and storage
    Describe, in general terms, any policy on and regulation of carbon capture and storage.

  • 26.

    Climate matters in M&A transactions
    What are the main climate matters and regulations to consider in M&A transactions and other transactions?

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Founded in the 1940s, Uría Menéndez has since become one of the most prestigious international law firms. Our capacity for innovation, our profound analysis of the law and our unwavering respect for deontological ethics have all made Uría Menéndez one of the leading firms across the Iberian and Latin American markets.

View more information about Uría Menéndez


Madrid
Príncipe de Vergara, 187
Plaza de Rodrigo Uría
28002
Madrid
Spain
T: +34 915 860 455
F: +34 915 860 691


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