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  • 1.

    Policy and law
    What is the government policy and legislative framework for the electricity sector?

  • 2.

    Organisation of the market
    What is the organisational structure for the generation, transmission, distribution and sale of power?

  • 3.

    Authorisation to construct and operate generation facilities
    What authorisations are required to construct and operate generation facilities?

  • 4.

    Grid connection policies
    What are the policies with respect to connection of generation to the transmission grid?

  • 5.

    Alternative energy sources
    Does government policy or legislation encourage power generation based on alternative energy sources such as renewable energies or combined heat and power?

  • 6.

    Climate change
    What impact will government policy on climate change have on the types of resources that are used to meet electricity demand and on the cost and amount of power that is consumed?

  • 7.

    Storage
    Does the regulatory framework support electricity storage including research and development of storage solutions?

  • 8.

    Government policy
    Does government policy encourage or discourage development of new nuclear power plants? How?

  • 9.

    Authorisations to construct and operate transmission networks
    What authorisations are required to construct and operate transmission networks?

  • 10.

    Eligibility to obtain transmission services
    Who is eligible to obtain transmission services and what requirements must be met to obtain access?

  • 11.

    Government transmission policy
    Are there any government measures to encourage or otherwise require the expansion of the transmission grid?

  • 12.

    Rates and terms for transmission services
    Who determines the rates and terms for the provision of transmission services and what legal standard does that entity apply?

  • 13.

    Entities responsible for grid reliability
    Which entities are responsible for the reliability of the transmission grid and what are their powers and responsibilities?

  • 14.

    Authorisation to construct and operate distribution networks
    What authorisations are required to construct and operate distribution networks?

  • 15.

    Access to the distribution grid
    Who is eligible to obtain access to the distribution network and what requirements must be met to obtain access?

  • 16.

    Government distribution network policy
    Are there any governmental measures to encourage or otherwise require the expansion of the distribution network?

  • 17.

    Rates and terms for distribution services
    Who determines the rates or terms for the provision of distribution services and what legal standard does that entity apply?

  • 18.

    Approval to sell power
    What authorisations are required for the sale of power to customers and which authorities grant such approvals?

  • 19.

    Power sales tariffs
    Is there any tariff or other regulation regarding power sales?

  • 20.

    Rates for wholesale of power
    Who determines the rates for sales of wholesale power and what standard does that entity apply?

  • 21.

    Public service obligations
    To what extent are electricity utilities that sell power subject to public service obligations?

  • 22.

    Policy setting
    Which authorities determine regulatory policy with respect to the electricity sector?

  • 23.

    Scope of authority
    What is the scope of each regulator’s authority?

  • 24.

    Establishment of regulators
    How is each regulator established and to what extent is it considered to be independent of the regulated business and of governmental officials?

  • 25.

    Challenge and appeal of decisions
    To what extent can decisions of the regulator be challenged or appealed, and to whom? What are the grounds and procedures for appeal?

  • 26.

    Responsible bodies
    Which bodies have the authority to approve or block mergers or other changes in control over businesses in the sector or acquisition of utility assets?

  • 27.

    Review of transfers of control
    What criteria and procedures apply with respect to the review of mergers, acquisitions and other transfers of control? How long does it typically take to obtain a decision approving or blocking the transaction?

  • 28.

    Prevention and prosecution of anticompetitive practices
    Which authorities have the power to prevent or prosecute anti-competitive or manipulative practices in the electricity sector?

  • 29.

    Determination of anticompetitive conduct
    What substantive standards are applied to determine whether conduct is anti-competitive or manipulative?

  • 30.

    Preclusion and remedy of anticompetitive practices
    What authority does the regulator (or regulators) have to preclude or remedy anti-competitive or manipulative practices?

  • 31.

    Acquisitions by foreign companies
    Are there any special requirements or limitations on acquisitions of interests in the electricity sector by foreign companies?

  • 32.

    Authorisation to construct and operate interconnectors
    What authorisations are required to construct and operate interconnectors?

  • 33.

    Interconnector access and cross-border electricity supply
    What rules apply to access to interconnectors and to cross-border electricity supply, especially interconnection issues?

  • 34.

    Restrictions
    What restrictions exist on transactions between electricity utilities and their affiliates?

  • 35.

    Enforcement and sanctions
    Who enforces the restrictions on utilities dealing with affiliates and what are the sanctions for non-compliance?

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