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  • 1.

    What is the basic source of law? Describe the scope of, and limitations on, government power relevant to the regulation of lobbying and government relations.

  • 2.

    Legislative system
    Describe the legislative system as it relates to lobbying.

  • 3.

    National subdivisions
    Describe the extent to which a legislative or rule-making authority relevant to lobbying practice also exists at regional, provincial or municipal level.

  • 4.

    Consultation process
    Does the legislative process at national or subnational level include a formal consultation process? What opportunities or access points are typically available to influence legislation?

  • 5.

    Is the judiciary deemed independent and co-equal? Are judges elected or appointed? If judges are elected, are campaigns financed through public appropriation or candidate fundraising?

  • 6.

    Is lobbying self-regulated by the industry, or is it regulated by the government, legislature or an independent regulator? What are the regulator’s powers? Who may issue guidance on lobbying? What powers of investigation does the regulator have? What are the regulators’ or other officials’ powers to penalise violators?

  • 7.

    Is there a definition or other guidance as to what constitutes lobbying?

  • 8.

    Registration and other disclosure
    Is there voluntary or mandatory registration of lobbyists? How else is lobbying disclosed?

  • 9.

    Activities subject to disclosure or registration
    What communications must be disclosed or registered?

  • 10.

    Entities and persons subject to lobbying rules
    Which entities and persons are caught by the disclosure rules?

  • 11.

    Lobbyist details
    What information must be registered or otherwise disclosed regarding lobbyists and the entities and persons they act for? Who has responsibility for registering the information?

  • 12.

    Content of reports
    When must reports on lobbying activities be submitted, and what must they include?

  • 13.

    Financing of the registration regime
    How is the registration system funded?

  • 14.

    Public access to lobbying registers and reports
    Is access to registry information and to reports available to the public?

  • 15.

    Code of conduct
    Is there a code of conduct that applies to lobbyists and their practice?

  • 16.

    Are there restrictions in broadcast and press regulation that limit commercial interests’ ability to use the media to influence public policy outcomes?

  • 17.

    How are political parties and politicians funded in your jurisdiction?

  • 18.

    Registration of interests
    Must parties and politicians register or otherwise declare their interests? What interests, other than travel, hospitality and gifts, must be declared?

  • 19.

    Contributions to political parties and officials
    Are political contributions or other disbursements to parties and political officials limited or regulated? How?

  • 20.

    Sources of funding for political campaigns
    Describe how political campaigns for legislative positions and executive offices are financed.

  • 21.

    Lobbyist participation in fundraising and electioneering
    Describe whether registration as a lobbyist triggers any special restrictions or disclosure requirements with respect to candidate fundraising.

  • 22.

    Independent expenditure and coordination
    How is parallel political campaigning independent of a candidate or party regulated?

  • 23.

    Gifts, travel and hospitality
    Describe any prohibitions, limitations or disclosure requirements on gifts, travel or hospitality that legislative or executive officials may accept from the public.

  • 24.

    Anti-bribery laws
    What anti-bribery laws apply in your jurisdiction that restrict payments or otherwise control the activities of lobbyists or holders of government contracts?

  • 25.

    Revolving door
    Are there any controls on public officials entering the private sector after service or becoming lobbyists, or on private-sector professionals being seconded to public bodies?

  • 26.

    Prohibitions on lobbying
    Is it possible to be barred from lobbying or engaging lobbying services? How?

  • 27.

    Recent cases
    Analyse any recent high-profile judicial or administrative decisions dealing with the intersection of government relations, lobbying registration and political finance?

  • 28.

    Remedies and sanctions
    In cases of non-compliance or failure to register or report, what remedies or sanctions have been imposed?

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MJ Alves e Burle Advogados e Consultores (MJAB) advocates for organisations and companies from various sectors on governmental matters in the Congress and Administration, representing them at the higher courts.

View more information about MJ Alves e Burle Advogados e Consultores Advocacy Brasil


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